IMPACT CONCUSSION TESTING
Traditional neurological and radiologic procedures, such as CT, MRI, and EEG are not useful in identifying the cognitive effects of concussion. Computerized neuropsychological screening tests such as ImPACT testing, carefully supervised by CNNH clinicians, can help quantify cognitive deficits and help evaluate concussion recovery even when “normal” findings are found on other examinations.
At CNNH, the ImPACT baseline test is administered under the supervision of a clinician. When a concussion is suspected, a follow-up or “post-injury” test is administered to see if the results have changed from the baseline to help diagnose and manage the concussion. Additional follow-up tests may be administered over several days or weeks to assist the clinician with return to play or other clinical decisions.
What Is ImPACT?
ImPACT stands for Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test. It is a user-friendly, online computer-based neurocognitive testing program specifically developed to help clinicians evaluate recovery following concussion. ImPACT was founded in May 2002 by Mark Lovell, Ph.D, ABPN, Joseph Maroon, M.D., and Michael Collins, Ph.D. ImPACT team members have dedicated the past 15 years to the scientific study of sports-related concussion and the clinical application of this knowledge throughout professional and amateur sports. The founders are widely acknowledged as world leaders in the field of concussion management and are committed to ongoing development of increasingly advanced concussion management tools. Together they provide concussion management services to some of the leading sports organizations in the world, including:
- 31 NFL Teams
- Ontario/Western Hockey Leagues
- All MLB Teams
- Irish Rugby Major League Soccer
- New Zealand Rugby
- National Hockey League
- South African Rugby
- Major/Minor League Baseball Umpires
- US Lacrosse
- USA Olympic Hockey
- USA Rugby
- USA Hockey
- US Army
- US Navy
- US Air Force Academy
- USA Ski Team
- US Soccer Federation
- Swedish Soccer
- 500+ Clinical Centers
- 1800+ High Schools
- 700+ Colleges and Universities
ImPACT consists of a battery of tests that can be easily administered in about thirty minutes. The test provides an objective measurement of memory, reaction time, attention span, and other factors to help a clinician diagnose a concussion and decide when the patient has recovered sufficiently to resume regular activities or return to playing sports. Such important decisions reduce the chance of follow-up concussions or second-impact syndrome which, can have serious consequences.
Ideally, ImPACT should be administered in the pre-season to obtain a baseline record and then post-injury to track the course of recovery of any concussion.
The links below provide more information and resources on brain injury and concussion: